The late Robert van Tonder of the Boerestaat Party [ who died on this date ten years ago ] is seen here in the following video excerpt of a 1991 Dutch documentary explaining who the Boerevolk are & where their 3 main former Boer Republics were located. He went on to explain that the politics of the Boerestaat Party which he founded plans on restoring these 3 republics into a reconstituted Boerestaat [ as shown on map ] through democratic means but that President F W de Klerk was refusing to have an election on the matter. The segment ends with van Tonder calling de Klerk an "undemocratic oppressor" for refusing to allow a vote on the matter.
The 3 main Boer Republics were: the Zuid Afrikaansche Republiek [ ZAR ] also commonly known as the Transvaal Republic established on January 6 1857 when the Potchefstroom Republic & the Rustenburg district were slated to join with the Lydenburg Republic & the Zoutpansberg Republic. The republics north of the Vaal River were recognized as independent with the Sand River Convention signed between the British & the Transvaal Boers on January 17 1852 but rivalries split mainly along the Andries Pretorius & Hendrik Potgieter camps delayed the establishment of a centralized government in the region. Both the Lydenburg Republic & the Zoutpansberg Republic refused to join the union over opposition to President Marthinus Pretorius but later joined the ZAR in 1860 [ Lydenburg ] & 1864 [ Zoutpansberg ]. The various republics which constituted the ZAR had various flags but the distinctive & now recognizable Vierkleur flag was adopted on the inauguration [ Jan 6 1857 ] of the new united consolidated republic. The first President of the ZAR was Marthinus Pretorius [ as noted above ] & the final President was the notable Paul Kruger. President T F Burgers tried to bring back the Potchefstroom flag as the national flag of the ZAR during 1874 - 1875 but his decision was overturned by the Volksraad [ Boer Parliament of the ZAR ] when the President was abroad though this Saltire themed flag was retained for a while as the Presidential flag.
The Orange Free State Republic [ Oranje Vry Staat Republiek ] was established on February 23 1854 when the British ceded control of the Orange River Sovereignty during an agreement signed on February 17 1854 which was called the Orange River Convention. This Convention recognized the independence of the OVS Boers. Formal independence was declared six days later & the Republican red / white & blue horizontal tri colour [ as used for the Swellendam & Graaff-Reinet Republics of 1795 ] was hoisted as the first flag of the OVS Republic. The distinctive orange & white striped flag which served as the national flag of the OVS for the rest of its existence was adopted on February 23 1857 on the third anniversary of the Republic. The first President of the OVS Republic was Josias Hoffman & the final President was Marthinus Steyn. The OVS Republic was established between the Orange & Vaal Rivers. The northern part of the Orange Free State was formerly the Winburg Republic.
The New Republic or Nieuwe Republiek or Vryheid Republiek [ Freedom Republic named after the town of Vryheid ] was established in 1884 within northern Natal on land granted to the Boers by a Zulu King named Dinizulu as reward for services the Boers provided him in quelling a British backed rival faction. The President of the Vryheid Republic was Lucas Meyer & one of its founders was Louis Botha. Both personalities would go on to serve as Boer Generals during the second Anglo-Boer War. The Vryheid Republic adopted a Vierkleur flag modeled on the Transvaal Vierkleur but with the blue & green bars switched. This republic was dissolved around 1887 - 1888 when the British annexed the south eastern portion [ as they did not like the Boers having sea access ] & when the north western portion was incorporated into the ZAR / Transvaal Republic. This area was later absorbed into Natal after the second Anglo-Boer War.